Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://bibliotecadigital.economia.gov.br/handle/123456789/527014
Title: Formação de preços e financiamento empresarial entre os anos 80 e 90 na economia brasileira
Authors: Pereira, Thiago Rabelo
Keywords: Financiamento industrial - Brasil
Industrial financing - Brazil
Inflação - América Latina
Inflation (Finance) - Latin America
Economia - Brasil - 1980-1999
Economics - Brazil - 1980-1999
Formação de preços - Brasil - 1980-1999
Price formation - Brazil - 1980-1999
Grandes empresas - Custos - Brasil
Big business - Cost - Brazil
Financiamento da empresa - América Latina
Corporate finance - Latin America
Issue Date: Jun-2000
Publisher: Universidade Estadual de Campinas
Abstract: The paper focuses on the existing connection between price formation decisions and the standards of financial adjustment of the Brazilian big industrial companies. It discusses the impact of the transition from the eighties to the nineties in corporate funding standards. The link between the mark up changes and funding decisions is underlined. The eighties was marked by a situation of high leveis of industrial protection, a rigid externai credit constraint and high inflation. The key environmental changes during the nineties, by contrast, can, in short, be described as consequences of the reconnection of the main domestic credit takers in the international financial markets, the drastic drop on the levei of protection given to domestic producers and, starting from 1994, the stabilization process. The defensive behavior of firms under the high inflation regime and closed economy materialized as an upper bias in price decisions. The perceived risk of capital loss in a highly unstable environment pushed up the industrial mark-ups. The upper bias in the mark up decision under high inflation was linked to a defensive tendency of companies to move away from any kind of financial debt in the liability side of balance sheets — decreasing the leverage standards throughout the eighties. During the 1990/93 period, the reinsertion in international capital flows was combined with the reduction in protection leveis. That situation slowed down the high inflation defensive tendency to push up mark-ups. After stabilization, some of the mechanisms that shaped the defensive behavior of firms were deactivated. The combination of open economy, high volumes of externai credit, stabilization and real exchange rate appreciation put a restrictive pressure in the leveis of industrial mark-ups and changed the disposition of firms to assume different forms of debt — slowly reshaping the composition of the liability side of balance sheets.
URI: http://bibliotecadigital.economia.gov.br/handle/123456789/527014
Other Identifiers: PEREIRA, Thiago Rabelo. Formação de preços e financiamento empresarial entre os anos 80 e 90 na economia brasileira. Economia e Sociedade, Campinas, n. 14 , p. [89]-126, jun. 2000.
http://web.bndes.gov.br/bib/jspui/handle/1408/16663
Appears in Collections:Produção BNDES - Artigos

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